Standing Rock protest: The key players in the Dakota Access pipeline fight

Written by admin on 26/04/2020 Categories: 老域名购买

BISMARCK, N.D. – The Dakota Access pipeline, a $3.8 billion, four-state project designed to carry oil from North Dakota to Illinois, has become a rallying point for American Indian tribes and others determined to block it.

Here’s a look at the key players connected with the protest, which began in April, heated up during the summer and boiled over in October with some 400 arrests.

THE PIPELINE COMPANY

FILE – In this May 9, 2015 file photo, pipes for the proposed Dakota Access oil pipeline that will stretch from the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota to Illinois are stacked at a staging area in Worthing, S.D.

AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File

Energy Transfer Partners, or ETP, is a Fortune 500 oil and natural gas company based in Dallas. It is the main owner of the pipeline, along with Sunoco Logistics Partners and Phillips 66.

Launched in 1995, the company now has about 71,000 miles of natural gas and crude oil pipeline. The Dakota Access project would add 1,200 more miles, and ETP has long had a goal of finishing it by the end of 2016. The company warned in court documents that a delay in construction would cost it $1.4 billion in lost revenue in the first year.

In August, the company announced it had sold nearly 37 per cent of the project to Enbridge Energy Partners and Marathon Petroleum Corp. in a deal worth $2 billion.

READ MORE: Work stopped on North Dakota pipeline Enbridge is set to spend US$1.5B on

THE TRIBAL CHAIRMAN

FILE – In this Aug. 26, 2016 file photo, Standing Rock Sioux Chairman Dave Archambault II poses for a photo near Cannon Ball., N.D., on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation overlooking an encampment where Native Americans are gathered to join his tribe’s growing protest against the Dakota Access oil pipeline.

(AP Photo/James MacPherson, File

老域名购买

Related

  • Dakota Access protesters received over $1 million in crowdsourced funding

    Nearly 150 people arrested Dakota Access Pipeline protest

    Dave Archambault II leads the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, whose reservation on the North Dakota-South Dakota border sits close to the pipeline’s path. The laconic 45-year-old, whose tribe helped build a lawsuit against ETP and the federal government, has been sued by ETP for interfering with the pipeline and been arrested.

    Archambault has spoken for years about concerns among the leaders of North Dakota’s five American Indian reservations about increasing “environmental incidents” in the state’s western oil patch. He travelled to Switzerland to plead the tribe’s case to the United Nations and urged President Barack Obama to step in.

    After a federal judge declined to grant the Standing Rock tribe an injunction against the pipeline, three federal agencies ordered a halt to construction on Army Corps of Engineers-owned land while the permitting process was reviewed.

    THE PROTESTERS

    Protesters against the construction of the Dakota Access oil pipeline block a highway in near Cannon Ball, N.D., on Wednesday, Oct. 26, 2016.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

    Members of more than 200 tribes from across North America have come to the tribe’s encampment at the confluence of the Missouri and Cannonball rivers since August, the tribe says. Crowd estimates at the protest site have varied from a few hundred to several thousand depending on the day — enough for tribal officials to call it one of the largest gatherings of Native Americans in a century or more.

    READ MORE: Facebook users ‘check in’ at Dakota Access pipeline protest to throw off authorities

    They say the pipeline threatens water sources and will disturb sacred sites and artifacts, and there is a broader concern about tribal sovereignty and rights.

    Many of the protesters are demonstrating peacefully and urging others to do the same. Others have been more militant. More than 140 people were arrested recently when law enforcement moved in to evict an encampment that had been set up on pipeline property.

    THE SHERIFF

    The main face of law enforcement has been Morton County Sheriff Kyle Kirchmeier, who previously was a captain with the state highway patrol, a part-time police officer, a corrections officer and a soldier.

    READ MORE: Dakota Access pipeline protesters told to leave: ‘trespassers will be prosecuted’

    His department has been accused by protesters of being sympathetic to the pipeline’s workers and private security. Though deputies were not at a violent Sept. 3 clash between protesters and private security guards on private land, Kirchmeier said in a news release that the guards were “ambushed and assaulted” by protesters. The tribe says the protesters were being provoked.

    Kirchmeier has frequently cited the burden of the long-lasting protest on his small department. Morton County has had help from state troopers and National Guard members and, more recently, from sheriff’s departments travelling in from several states to help out.

    PRIVATE SECURITY

    A protestor is treated after being pepper sprayed by private security contractors on land being graded for the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) oil pipeline, near Cannon Ball, North Dakota, September 3, 2016.

    ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images

    Clashes between private security and protesters have been an issue, particularly during the Sept. 3 confrontation. Both security guards and protesters reported injuries.

    Tribal officials say about 30 protesters were pepper-sprayed and some bitten by dogs.

    READ MORE: Police begin arresting Dakota Access pipeline protesters

    The sheriff’s department said last week that their investigation concluded that the guards with dogs were not licensed to do security work in North Dakota. They sent the results of their investigation to prosecutors for consideration of misdemeanour charges.

    THE GOVERNOR

    North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple asks a question during a meeting of the Health and Human Services Committee at the National Governors Association convention on Saturday, July 12, 2014, in Nashville, Tenn.

    AP Photo/Mark Humphrey

    When the Dakota Access pipeline was announced, North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple had just urged industry and government officials to build more pipelines to keep pace with the state’s oil production, which is second only to oil production in Texas.

    READ MORE: North America’s oil pipelines vulnerable to sabotage, recent events show

    Aside from appearing at some briefings, Dalrymple has been mostly out of public view during the long process. The governor did send 100 National Guard members to help law enforcement.

    THE FEDERAL JUDGE

    U.S. District Judge James Boasberg.

    Credit: U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia

    The Standing Rock Sioux’s lawsuit against the pipeline revolves around challenging the Army Corps’ process for permitting water crossings. In September, U.S. District Judge James Boasberg in Washington declined the tribe’s request for an injunction as it pursues an appeal.

    READ MORE: Standing Rock standoff: How the North Dakota pipeline protest sparked Native American activism

    Boasberg, an Obama appointee in 2010, said the Corps documented dozens of its attempts to engage with Standing Rock officials to identify historical resources at Lake Oahe and other places covered by the permit, despite the tribe’s claims to the contrary. He said the tribe did not show it will suffer any harm that the court has the authority to prevent.

    The tribe’s appeal is pending with the U.S. Court of Appeals.

    Gallery: Photos from the Dakota Access pipeline protest. 

    Dakota Access pipeline protesters stand in defiance of law enforcement officers who are trying to force them from a camp on private land in the path of pipeline construction on Thursday, Oct. 27, 2016, near Cannon Ball, N.D.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

    In this Oct. 27, 2016, file photo, tires burn as armed soldiers and law enforcement officers stand in formation to force Dakota Access pipeline protesters off private land in Morton County, N.D., where they had camped to block construction.

    Mike McCleary/The Bismarck Tribune via AP, file

    A burned-out truck sits on Highway 1806 near Cannon Ball, N.D., on Friday, Oct. 28, near the spot where protesters of the Dakota Access pipeline were evicted from private property a day earlier. Authorities say protesters burned several pieces of construction equipment and other vehicles Thursday during a chaotic confrontation with law enforcement.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

    Dakota Access pipeline protesters confront law enforcement on Thursday, Oct. 27, 2016, near Cannon Ball, N.D. The months-long dispute over the four-state, $3.8 billion pipeline reached a crisis point when the protesters set up camp on land owned by pipeline developer Energy Transfer Partners. The disputed area is just to the north of a more permanent and larger encampment on federally-owned land where hundreds of protesters have camped for months.

    Caroline Grueskin/The Bismarck Tribune via AP

    A Dakota Access pipeline protester defies law enforcement officers who are trying to force them from a camp on private land in the path of pipeline construction, Thursday, Oct. 27, 2016 near Cannon Ball, N.D.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

    A Dakota Access oil pipeline protester who identified himself only as Smokey shows where he was hit by a shotgun bean bag round fired by officers trying to force protesters from a camp on private land in the path of pipeline construction, on Thursday, Oct. 27, 2016 near Cannon Ball, N.D. Authorities say protesters threw rocks at officers and threatened them on horseback.Soldiers and law enforcement officers dressed in riot gear began arresting protesters who had set up a camp on private land to block construction of the Dakota Access oil pipeline.

    (AP Photo/James MacPherson

    Demonstrators stand near armed soldiers and law enforcement officers who moved in to force Dakota Access pipeline protesters off private land in North Dakota on Thursday, Oct. 27, 2016 where they had camped to block construction. The pipeline is to carry oil from western North Dakota through South Dakota and Iowa to an existing pipeline in Patoka, Ill.

    Mike McCleary/The Bismarck Tribune via AP

    Dakota Access pipeline protesters defy law enforcement officers who are trying to force them from a camp on private land in the path of pipeline construction on Thursday, Oct. 27, 2016, near Cannon Ball, N.D. The months-long dispute over the four-state, $3.8 billion pipeline reached a crisis point when the protesters set up camp on land owned by pipeline developer Energy Transfer Partners. The disputed area is just to the north of a more permanent and larger encampment on federally-owned land where hundreds of protesters have camped for months.

    (AP Photo/James MacPherson

    Protesters of the Dakota Access pipeline encampment sits Wednesday, Oct. 26, 2016, on private property near Cannon Ball, N.D., owned by the pipeline developer, Texas-based Energy Transfer Partners. Both the local sheriff and Energy Transfer Partners have said the protesters are trespassing and must leave.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

    Protesters cover the roadway of Highway 1806 at the site of the New Camp on Pipeline Easement on Wednesday morning, Oct. 26, 2016. The prospect of a police raid on an encampment protesting the Dakota Access pipeline faded as night fell Wednesday, with law enforcement making no immediate move after protesters rejected their request to withdraw from private land. Activists fear the nearly 1,200-mile pipeline could harm cultural sites and drinking water for the Standing Rock Sioux tribe.

    Tom Stromme/The Bismarck Tribune via AP

    Loren Bagola, from the Cheyenne River Reservation in South Dakota, helps handle security Monday, Oct. 24, 2016, at the Dakota Access oil pipeline protest in southern North Dakota. Bagola is sitting atop a pile of logs that protesters prepared to use to block a highway. The long-running dispute over the Dakota Access oil pipeline expanded to private land recently purchased by the pipeline builders, with protesters who say the area rightfully belongs to Native Americans setting up camp and vowing to stay put until the project is stopped.

    AP Photo/Blake Nicholson

    Teepees and numerous tents are set up Monday, Oct. 24, 2016, by Dakota Access oil pipeline protesters in southern North Dakota on property owned by the pipeline company. Protesters say they have treaty rights to the land from the 1800s.

    AP Photo/Blake Nicholson

    Actress Shailene Woodley is led to a transport vehicle by a Morton County Sheriff’s deputy after being arrested at a protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline near St. Anthony, N.D., Monday, Oct. 10, 2016. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers won’t yet authorize construction of the $3.8 billion, four-state Dakota Access oil pipeline on federal land in southern North Dakota, it said Monday, along with reiterating its earlier request that the pipeline company voluntarily stop work on private land in the area.

    Tom Stromme/The Bismarck Tribune via AP

    A Morton County Sheriff’s deputy officer arrests actress Shailene Woodley at a protest against the Dakota Access Pipeline near St. Anthony, N.D., Monday, Oct. 10, 2016. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers won’t yet authorize construction of the $3.8 billion, four-state Dakota Access oil pipeline on federal land in southern North Dakota, it said Monday, along with reiterating its earlier request that the pipeline company voluntarily stop work on private land in the area.

    Tom Stromme/The Bismarck Tribune via AP

    FILE – In this Sept. 9, 2016 file photo, More than a thousand people gather at an encampment near North Dakota’s Standing Rock Sioux reservation. The sprawling encampment that‚Äôs a protest against the four-state Dakota Access oil pipeline has most everything it needs to be self-sustaining _ except a federal permit to be there. The camp near the confluence of the Missouri and Cannonball rivers in North Dakota is on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers land.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

    In this Wednesday, Sept. 14, 2016, photo, volunteers toss logs at an oil pipeline protest encampment near the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in southern North Dakota. The logs will be used to cook meals for the thousands of people who have come to the area to fight the $3.8 billion Dakota Access pipeline.

    AP Photo/James MacPherson

Comments Off on Standing Rock protest: The key players in the Dakota Access pipeline fight